Syphilis remains a troubling sexually transmitted disease or STD that affects millions of people worldwide. While many may be aware it is a serious disease that in addition to the common physical symptoms, the disease can also lead to serious problems with the central nervous system.
What may might not know would be the answer to the question ”What causes syphilis?” Before answering that question, it is necessary to examine a little background about the disease itself.
What Is Syphilis?
Syphilis is a STD deriving from a bacterial infection. This infection is the result of bacteria entering into the genital tract. The specific bacteria that affects the genital tract would be Treponema pallidum.
Syphilis is definitely a serious problem as it is considered to be both an acute and chronic condition. While many of the symptoms of syphilis will slowly disappear from sight over time, the actual disease will not heal. It may go into a latent stage, but it might reemerge in the future.
Over time, it is possible the bacteria in syphilis can cause organ damage. In particular, the heart and the lungs might be seriously affected. The central nervous system might also be severely harmed by the presence of this disease and the ravages it can cause over time.
What Causes Syphilis?
Again, the main answer people seek when they ask what causes syphilis is not so much a clinical explanation about the problems deriving from bacteria as much as they do wish to know about the ways in which syphilis is contracted.
The answer they seek to ”What causes syphilis?” is hoped to really be the answer to ”How can I avoid catching syphilis?”
First, it is necessary to clearly point out that syphilis is a form of sexually transmitted disease. It is ”caught” through sexual intercourse. Unprotected sexual intercourse certainly increases the risk of contracting this STD immensely.
Genital, oral and anal sex can all put someone at risk for syphilis. Contact with what is known as a syphilis lesion is where the disease is passed from one person to another. The open sore lesion is where the bacteria is able to transmit itself to another person via direct contact.
Also, the mucous membranes or other sores have the potential to pass on the disease when it reaches the second stage. (There are four stages of syphilis)
While rare, it is possible syphilis can be transmitted by kissing if there are lesion and open sores on the mouth. This disease can even be transmitted outside of sexual activity by entering through cuts on the surface of the skin.
However, that would be a very rare occurrence although it does remain a possibility.
IV Drug Use
The sharing of needles in IV drug use does present a risk for the transmission of syphilis. The risk is in addition to the very severe and possible risk of HIV infection.
Birth Issues And The Causes Of Syphilis
Sadly, it is also true mothers can pass the disease to newborns. Babies can end up stillborn or suffer from birth defect. Information such as this should lead many to have themselves tested if they believe they are showing the signs of this or any other STD.
Actually, it might be wise to have an STD test performed annually if you are sexually active yet are not showing signs of any STD.
The only way to completely avoid contracting this disease would be to abstain from sexual activity from those that might be at a high risk for the disease. Of course, having protected sex further decreases the potential to contract it.
Syphilis still remains an STD people have to be aware of in modern times. The disease is a serious one which is why understanding what it is and taking the steps to reduce its onset should be a high priority for those wishing to preserve their health.