Genital herpes are somewhat confounding to many. They may have a vague understanding of what this sexually transmitted disease (STD) is and they may have read news reports millions are at risk of the condition.
However, they might not know how it is contracted. They also might not have a clear idea of how severe the condition can become.
Learning about the causes of genital herpes might reveal quite a bit about the troubling condition.
What Are Genital Herpes?
By definition, genital herpes are best described as an infection that is sexually transmitted. Both men and women can suffer from this condition. Herpes commonly will take the forms of sores in the genital region.
These sores can be itchy and painful. It is not accurate to assume that all infections of herpes results in major sores. Often, those with herpes might not actually present any sores. This does not mean, however, the person with the sores is not capable of infecting others with herpes.
Once reason the problem is able to spread is the person with herpes might not be aware he/she has the condition. While no visible, herpes is still contagious even without sores being present.
The Main Causes Of Genital Herpes
The biological causes of genital herpes would be a virus. Specifically, the problem would be the herpes simplex virus (HSV). This virus is what causes and spreads the virus. Obviously, since herpes is a sexually transmitted disease, it is sexual contact that spreads the infection.
Probably the most frightening aspect of the causes of genital herpes would be the fact the infection can become dormant in the body. The condition is not gone though. It can reactivate at various times over the course of a year.
A cure for this condition does not exist. There are drugs that can be used to keep the herpes virus under control which, hopefully, may reduce the spread of the infections.
The Two Specific Variants Of The Herpes Virus
There are two major versions of the herpes virus. These two manifestations of the virus would be the HSV-1 and the HSV-2. The HSV-1 version of the virus would be the one that cause cold sores and fever blisters in the mouth region.
As most would correctly surmise, this virus will be spread by oral sex. The HSV-2 virus causes genital herpes and it results from skin to skin contact during sexual intercourse. There may be fears this virus can be contracted from surfaces such as toilet seats, but this is not possible.
The virus dies rather quickly when it is exposed to the air.
The Causes Of Genital Herpes Vs. Risk
A discussion of the causes of genital herpes without making mention of the risks associated with the condition would leave many unanswered questions. While the true cause of herpes would be the aforementioned viral infection, certain lifestyle and risk factors will contribute to contracting.
Those that practice unprotected sex with multiple partners will place themselves at great risk for being infected with the herpes virus. The more sexual partners you have, then the greater your risks will be. There is no way around this basic fact about the virus.
Some might find this to be quite shocking, but women are at far greater a risk to developing herpes than men. Men do not contract herpes from women to the same degree as women can contract them from men. Hence, women will be at a greater risk.
It is suggested by many health care providers to wear a condom during sexual intercourse. A condom has been noted for having a high level of success at reducing the potential for contracting herpes or other sexually transmitted diseases.
Understanding the causes of genital herpes might seem a little confounding to some since most do not associated herpes with a virus. However, once a person invests the time learning just how a virus factors into contracting the condition, all becomes much clearer.