Oligospermia is the medical term for low sperm count, a condition wherein the semen ejaculated contains a lower-than-normal sperm count. Keep in mind that just because the semen appears to be of small quantity does not automatically mean oligospermia since lab tests are required.
Why should you be concerned about low sperm count and, thus, seek treatment? Keep in mind that a low sperm count decreases the odds of the sperm fertilizing the egg, known as male infertility that results in several complications.
Fortunately, doctors can treat low sperm count cases in most instances.
Your first step should be to ask for a medical opinion since suspected low sperm count likely have an underlying medical condition. You and your doctor will discuss these treatment options after it has been definitely established that, indeed, you have oligospermia with your best options being medical in nature.
Your options include:
Your doctor will consider surgery in a few cases where surgical intervention is a must since it can be a last resort.
Cases where surgery will likely be necessary to treat low sperm count include:
- the correction of a varicocele
- the repair of an obstruction in the vas deferens
- and the reversal of a prior vasectomy
Your doctor can also directly retrieve sperm from the epididymis or testicle in case sperm is absent in the semen.
#2 Treatment of infection
You may have an infection of the reproductive tract so antibiotics will be used in its treatment. But it must also be emphasized that the treatment of infection does not always restore fertility.
#3 Treatment for sexual intercourse issues
You may have been diagnosed with premature ejaculation or erectile dysfunction as an underlying cause of low sperm count.
Your doctor can recommend a combination of medication and counselling to improve male fertility, which will also help in its psychological aspect.
#4 Hormone replacement therapy
Your low sperm count may be the result of low testosterone production. Your doctor may recommend hormone replacement therapy and/or medications to regulate hormone production and to improve the way your body uses hormones.
You must follow the prescribed medications since too little will have no effect and too much will increase the risks for complications.
#5 Assisted reproductive technology (ART)
You may also consider ART treatments, which involve getting sperm via normal ejaculation (i.e., masturbation), or via surgical extraction, or from donors, depending on your case and preference.
Your extracted sperm will then be inserted into the female reproductive system, or used for in vitro fertilization, or used in intracytoplasmic sperm injection.
You have to remember that these methods will not actually increase your sperm count but will instead contribute to spreading your genes, so to speak.
You and your doctor will explore the pros and cons of each of these options before deciding on a customized treatment plan.
You have to keep in mind, too, that just because a treatment worked on your family or friend that it will automatically in your case. You have unique factors, such as your age, physical condition, and underlying health issues that require a customized approach for best results.
Aside from the medical options, your doctor will also recommend lifestyle remedies to increase your chances of increasing your sperm count and getting your partner pregnant.
Besides, these home remedies make sense considering that a low sperm count has complex factors – the more factors that you can address, the more likely that your oligospermia can be treated and the more chances for having children you can have in the future.
- Increase the frequency of sex since it can increase the chances of getting your partner pregnant.
- Avoid the use of lubricants since these can impair sperm function and movement. A few examples of lubricants that should be avoided include KY Jelly, Astroglide, and lotions, even saliva.
You may also want to take dietary supplements rich in alpha-lipoic acid, anthocyanins, L-arginine, beta-carotene, and biotin, among others. Ask your doctor about these supplements while also making sure to adopt healthier diet, exercise and lifestyle habits.